**Lesson 2: Simple Pendulum; Driven Pendulum**

Maureen Dooley, B.S.Ed.

Copyright 2004. Permission is granted for classroom use and for non-commercial educational purposes.

Subject __________________________

Grade Level _______________________

Anticipatory Set (focus) - A question will be written on the board as the students walk in: How would you build a driven pendulum? The students should be told to think about the answer to this question, but they will not need to respond with an answer to this question until they have broken into pairs, later in the class period.

Purpose (objective) - The students will be able to explain what is necessary to build a driven pendulum, and they will be constructing their own simple pendulums.

Input - The teacher will explain that the students will be working on a two part activity today; for the first part they will need to pair up and brainstorm what would be necessary to build a driven pendulum. For the second part of the activity they will remain in pairs and they will attempt to build a simple pendulum.

Modeling (show) - The teacher will restate the question from the board and ask the students to work in pairs to come up with what is necessary to build a driven pendulum. For the second part of the activity the teacher will suggest building a pendulum out of everyday items.

Independent Practice - 1st The students will pair up and
brainstorm what would be necessary to build a driven pendulum. The students
will each write down their ideas on a piece of paper. The students will remain
in pairs for 10-15 minutes. Time may be adjusted as needed.

2nd The teacher
will hand each pair a paper bag containing a washer, several lengths of string,
and some tape. The teacher will explain that in the bag is everything necessary
to build a simple pendulum, but no further instruction as to how to build the
pendulum will be given. The pairs will have 10-15 minutes to construct a simple
pendulum.

Closure - (Tell or show me what you have learned)-The
teacher will ask the pairs to explain what they thought would be needed to
build a driven pendulum and will correct/concur with their hypothesis.

Needed for a simple pendulum: Mass, string, pivot.

Methods to drive: Push
like a swing, or pull up and down on pivot.

The teacher will walk around
the room to observe that all pairs have correctly constructed their pendulums.
(By tying a length of string to the washer and taping the other end of the
string to the side of the desk or chair or other object where the washer can
swing freely.) The teacher will ask for what was different about what they
thought was needed to build a driven pendulum and what they needed to build a
simple pendulum.

The teacher will explain another wrinkle: The ordinary
motion of the pendulum is in a plane, but it can be in a circular path, or an
ellipse. To make the pendulum move in a plane for sure, much care is needed.
(One method of starting is to pull the weight back with a thread and then burn
the thread with a candle)

The students will correct or add to their notes
on what they thought would be needed to build a pendulum. The teacher will
check for understanding before moving onto the next lesson/dismissing the
class.