Millersville University

Copyright Definitions

Brevity:
a. Poetry: a) a complete poem of fewer than 250 words printed on no more than two pages, or b)from a longer poem, an excerpt of not more than 250 words.
b. Prose: a) Either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2500 words (about 10 pages) or, b)an excerpt from any prose work not exceeding more than 1000 words or 10% of the work, whichever is less, but in any event a minimum of 500 words.
c. Illustration: One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book or periodical issue.
d. "Special" Works: Certain works in poetry,prose or in "poetic prose" which often combine language with illustrations and which are intended sometimes for children and at other times for a more general audience fall short of 2500 words in their entirety. Paragraph "b" above notwithstanding such"special works" may not be reproduced in their entirety; however, an excerpt compromising not more than two of the published pages of such special work and containing not more than 10% of the words found in the text thereof, may be reproduced.
Spontaniety: a)The copying is at the instance and inspiration of the individual teacher.
b)The inspiration and decision to use the work and the moment of its use for maximum teaching effectiveness are so close in time that it would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for a permission.
Cummulative Effect: a)The copying of the material is for only one course in the school in which the copies are made(A course may include multiple sections)
b)Not more than one short poem, article, stiry, essay or two excerpts may be copied from the same author, no more than three from the same collective work or periodical volume during one course term.
c)there shall not be more than nine instances of such multiple copying for one course during one course term.


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