Green Lancaster header displaying a picture of an Amish buggy, and corn field, horses in a field, cows being milked, and windmills.

Case Study > Permaculture: Sustainable Living

Below are a list of terms I collected during this project


1. Permaculture- Comes from the words permanent culture. It was first developed by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren. It is an approach to designing human settlements and agricultural systems that mimics the relationships found in nature.

2. Earthcare- One core value: Recognizing that Earth is the source of all life, and that we are a part of Earth, not apart from it.

3. Peoplecare- A second care value: Supporting and helping each other to change the ways of living that do not harm us or the planet.

4. Fairshare- A third core value: Placing limits on consumption to ensure that Earth?s resources are used in a valuable way

5. Polyculture- Using many crops in the same place

6. Guilds- Permaculture guilds are groups of plans, animals and microbacteria that work well together.

7. Perennial Plants- Often used in permaculture design. They grow and bloom for more than two years, and require less maintenance.

8. Contour: A line in a landscape connecting points along the same elevation.

9. Berm: A small hillock that captures water runoff.

10. Detention: An area that holds water for a short period of time.

11. Retention: An area that holds water for a long period of time.

12. Swale: A small ditch that allows runoff water to infiltrate into the group

13. Permeability: Ability of a substance to allow the passage of water

14. Compost: Well rotted plant material used to improve soil fertility and water holding capacity.

15. Mulch: Not decomposed organic materials (including wood, leaves and hay) used to preserve soil moisture.

16. Humus: Well decomposed organic material in between the mineral soil and the mulch.

17. Organic Fertilizers: Usually rich in nitrogen.