The Three Pillars: Dr. Nadine Garner
Dr. Nadine Garner, daughter Ruby Garner, and student Ali Chiavetta in the 'Ville-age Garden
Dr. Nadine Garner is a professor who dedicates herself to live sustainably both inside and outside her job. She worked as a school counselor for a number of years before arriving at Millersville University. She teaches in the School Counseling program, training other students to be prepared for the world of school counseling. She has worked at Millersville for the past thirteen years, as an associate professor in the psychology department. Besides being a professor of psychology and a sustainability advocate, Dr. Garner describes herself as a people lover. Her interest in people and their stories has inspired her to educate those she comes across about how to uphold a sustainable livelihood.
The Center for Sustainability
Food Day 2013
The Project Green Challenge
All About TerraCycle
Campus Efforts & Student Involvement
The Campus Climate Commitment
The Food Recovery Challenge
Dr. Garner's Personal Efforts
What is sustainability, exactly?
Millersville University defines sustainability as "improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco-systems" ("Sustainability at Millersville," 2013). Sustainability has specific, quantifiable limits. The act of sustainability is a call to action, and a continual task in progress ("Sustainability at Millersville," 2013).
The Three Pillars
Dr. Garner's entire life centers on the three pillars of sustainability. She is focused on sustaining people, profit, and the planet. Contrary to popular belief, sustainability is more than just environmentalism. Sustainability also focuses on social justice for people, allowing them to be paid a fair wage for their work. The three pillars of sustainability are not mutually exclusive, but rather serve as a common ground ("Sustainability at Millersville," 2013). Her focus on these three fundamentals of sustainability has fueled her leadership of programs on Millersville's campus.
What is the Center for Sustainability?
- The Center for Sustainability was previously referred to as SERP. This stood for Sustainability Education and Research Project. Due to the somewhat complicated name, Dr. Garner and her associates decided to change the name. The program is now titled:The Center for Sustainability.
- Dr. Garner is the director of The Center for Sustainability, which is a branch off of the Civic and Community Engagement and Research Project (CCERP) ("Center for sustainability," 2013). The Center for Sustainability is currently working on several projects.
- The Center hopes to promote the TerraCycle program enough to have it exist in all of the residence halls on campus. They hope to educate residents and student staff enough on the topic to make it a part of their every day life in the hall.
- The Center for Sustainability has also made it possible for a small organic garden to exist. The 'Ville-age garden is behind the Huntingdon House on campus, and is completely created and sponsored by the Center for Sustainability.
- One of the Center for Sustainability's most desired goals is to have a strong outreach program into the Lancaster county community. The Center creates urban gardening projects with Lancaster City children. These programs would aim to educate young children on the importance of sustainability, even at a young age.
- Though the Center for Sustainability has recently unveiled a new organic garden behind Huntingdon House, they hope that it is not their last planted area on campus. The Center hopes to install other native plant meadows, giving students and residents of the campus a firsthand look into the beautiful plants that grow locally here in Millersville.
- The Center for Sustainability also hopes to start a "think tank", in order to put sustainability at the forefront of conversations. This "think tank" will hopefully spur discussion about sustainability efforts, as well as get new ideas and concepts started for the campus.
- Dr. Garner is involved in the day to day matters of the Center for Sustainability, putting in an extra twenty to twenty-five hours per week of work for the Center. So far this semester, the Center has already hosted two large events: Food Day 2013 and the ribbon cutting/opening of the 'Ville-age Garden.
What was Food Day 2013 and what is the 'Ville-age Garden?
- Food Day 2013 was sponsored by Dr. Garner's Center for Sustainability in order to kick off the grand opening ceremony of the new local garden behind the Huntingdon House on campus. The Huntingdon House is located directly across from the bus stop closest to the SMC.
- The garden is located in the grassy area behind the house, as it provides a perfect atmosphere for the 400 local plants that grow there. The garden is broken up into twelve raised beds, with different vegetables, herbs, and flowers growing within each bed. All of the plants in the garden are being grown organically, and many of the plants are local to Lancaster County.
- The Food Day 2013 celebration took place nationwide on October 24, 2013. Millersville University's ceremony took place from 11:30am-1:00pm. The ceremony included a ribbon cutting by Millersville University President John Anderson and Dr. Garner in order to officially open the garden.
- After the ribbon cutting took place, guests were invited back into the SMC Atrium to have a luncheon. Food for the special luncheon was provided by the 'Ville-age garden, The George St. Cafe, and The Seed.
- Food Day as whole is "a nationwide celebration of healthy, affordable, and sustainably produced food, and a grassroots campaign for better food policies" ("Food day- About," 2013).
- Food Day shoots to help people eat "real" foods. "Real" food qualifies as fruits, vegetables, sustainably raised meat, and whole grain products. The program aims to get people to cut back on their intake of sugar filled drinks, overly processed and packaged food, sodium packed food, and factory meals.
- Food Day hopes to inspire shorter lines outside of fast food windows, and longer lines at the local farmer's market.
- Food Day has five main national priorities, which are to "promote safer, healthier diets, support sustainable and organic farms, reduce hunger, reform factory farms to protect the environment and the farm animals, and support fair working conditions for food and farm workers" ("Food day- Food Day Priorities," 2013).
- This year, Food Day took place nationwide on October 24. In 2011, there were 2,300 events that took place across the nation, and that number rose in 2012 to 3,200 events.
- The purpose of existence for Food Day is due to the nutritionally degrading diet of the average American citizen. These diets often lead to health problems like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. The products that Americans buy to contribute to their unhealthy lifestyles often cost over 150 billion dollars per year. By eating "real" foods, we can save our health and put our food system on a more humane and sustainable path for the future.
- The Food Day organization believes that children should know the story of where their food comes from, as well as how it was produced. By supplying children with food and nutrition education, we are able to empower them with skills they will hold for a lifetime. The knowledge about healthy living will increase children's fruit and vegetable intake. The act of preparing and cooking fresher foods will help children more greatly appreciate healthy foods. Having children plant and harvest their own fruits and vegetables will inspire them to eat more "real" food on their own.
- The nation is certainly involved with Food Day, as their advisory board includes senators and House Representatives from Iowa, Oregon, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, California, Illinois, and several other states ("Food day- Advisory Board," 2013).
Cutting the ribbon to open the 'Ville-age Garden on Food Day 2013
The Project Green Challenge
- The Project Green Challenge was an event held during the month of October of 2013.
- This month long event partnered with the organization "Teens Turning Green."
- This event included posts of daily challenges during the month of October. There was a new challenge every day, helping participants to focus on the matters at hand.
- The goal of the Project Green Challenge was to get teenagers and other participants thinking about the impact of the things that they use, consume, and do have on the environment (Bradley, 2013).
What on earth is TerraCycle?
- TerraCycle is a company proudly associated with the "triple bottom line" of people, planet, and profit. The triple bottom line is also known as the three pillars of sustainability.
- The company began in 2001 when twenty-year-old Princeton University freshman Tom Szaky began packaging liquefied worm excrement into used soda bottles. This product spiraled into the spotlight as a natural fertilizer.
- TerraCycle quickly became one of the fastest growing "green" companies in the world.
- Their goal is "to be a trusted resource for families, schools, communities, and corporations to find tips, statistics, and tactics to help them live a cleaner and greener lifestyle" ("TerraCycle: About us," 2013).
- TerraCycle is an international recycling and upcycling company that gathers items that are usually difficult to recycle. The company reforms and upcycles these items into affordable and creative products.
- TerraCycle is the world leader in collection and reuse of non-recyclable post-consumer waste, and works worldwide with over 22 countries and 100 major brands ("TerraCycle: About us," 2013).
- The company states, "With roots in worm poop and graffiti, TerraCycle has developed into an innovative, dynamic company with global impact" ("TerraCycle: About us," 2013).
- About 99% of the total material "flow" in the United States turns into garbage within six months of being made. Items that cannot be recycled end up in incinerators or landfills. Incinerating these items releases harmful carbon emissions, and placing them in landfills takes up precious space on the earth. These landfills often leach their toxin runoff into the surrounding soil and groundwater, poisoning it for further use.
- With TerraCycle, waste products are not incinerated or placed into landfills, but rather are upcycled into new products ("How TerraCycle helps," 2013).
(Photo from www.terracycle.com)
Why TerraCycle, rather than just throw the garbage away?
Making products from trash eradicates the need for raw materials processing. By getting rid of the raw materials processing, the carbon footprint of the project becomes much smaller.
In the grand scheme of the manufacturing process, the processing of raw materials releases the majority of the harmful emissions. By making things out of trash, TerraCycle reduces the resource depletion, water withdrawal, and negative impact on the surrounding ecosystem.
Even after a consumer is done with the TerraCycled product, the company asks for it back so they can upcycle it into something else! ("Why send garbage," 2013).
Does TerraCycle exist at Millersville University?
- Dr. Garner brought TerraCycle to campus in the spring of 2012, after being introduced to it that semester by one of her graduate students. Because of Dr. Garner and her team of advocates, TerraCycle is now a well-known campus-wide project taking place.
- There are twenty-five different TerraCycle "brigades" to participate in, collecting items anywhere from shampoo bottles to candy wrappers. The items that are gathered can be brought to the Huntingdon House on campus.
- From there, Dr. Garner and her team bring the garbage items over to a house that has newly been dubbed "The Garden House".
- This house is located directly behind the new 'Ville-age garden, and is a storage and sorting location for all of the TerraCycled goods to be sent to the company.
- These items are counted, weighed, and sorted by hand before being sent off. Each item is converted to points, which have monetary values, adding up to a total sum for that specific batch.
Garbage is collected and stored in the Garden House before it is counted and sent off to TerraCycle
What has TerraCycle been doing around campus?
- TerraCycle is integrated into many areas at Millersville University. TerraCycle bins can be found in residence halls such as Bard Hall and Gaige Hall. Resident Assistants working in these halls are required to watch a presentation given by Dr. Garner on the subject of sustainability and TerraCycling. This presentation often fuels their desire to upcycle in their own hallways.
TerraCycle in action at Gaige Hall
- Homecoming week 2013 was an exciting time for TerraCycle and the entire Center for Sustainability, as they sponsored a new contest. The 'Ville-age contest was centered on the idea of getting the entire MU campus and community to TerraCycle in their residence halls, apartments, houses, and offices. This contest aimed to raise awareness for the cause, and show the community how incredibly simple it is to divert their trash to a different location. Throughout the week, student, faculty, and staff teams were to gather items accepted by the different brigades, and drop them off at the Huntingdon House before the end of the week.
- In order for items to be properly TerraCycled, students need to collect them in a box or bin, making sure that they are clean and dry.
- For students that are too busy, or live too far away, to drop their items off at the Huntingdon House, a pick-up service has been created. For on-campus TerraCycle deliveries, student Stephanie Bradley has volunteered to come to the student's place of residence, and arrange for a pick-up in the green TerraCycle wagon. This service was created for students that may want to participate, but have no way of getting their items to the correct location.
The green TerraCycle wagon in front of the newly dubbed "Garden House"
- Dr. Garner is often quoted saying, "I don't want your money, I don't want your time, I just want your garbage!" This simplistic statement is truly the touchstone of the company, displaying to the world that TerraCycling is simple.
What all can be TerraCycled, and how much money is raised?
There are twenty-five separate brigades for TerraCycle.
- There is the cheese-packaging brigade (2 points per item),
- the snack bag brigade (2 points per item),
- the oral care brigade (2 points per item),
- the personal care and beauty brigade (2 points per item),
- the rigid #6 plastic cup brigade (2 points per item),
- the cereal bag brigade (2 points per item),
- the paired shoes brigade (2 points per item),
- the tape dispenser and core brigade (2 points per item),
- the dairy tub brigade (2 points per item),
- the energy bar brigade (1 point per item),
- the lunch kit brigade (2 points per item),
- the tortilla and tostada brigade (2 points per item),
- the diaper packaging brigade (2 points per item),
- the inkjet and toner cartridge brigade (37 points and 50 points, respectively),
- the cell phone brigade (100 points for a standard phone, 750 points for a smart phone, and 1,000 points for an iPhone),
- the miscellaneous e-waste brigade (100 points for cameras and camcorders, 100 points for graphing calculators, and 50 points for a GPS),
- the laptop brigade (250 points for a laptop with a Pentium 4 processor and lower, 500 points for a dual core processor or higher, 250 points for an e-reader, and 500 points for a tablet or iPad),
- the drink pouch brigade (2 points per item),
- the hummus container brigade (2 points per item),
- the Brita filter brigade (50 points per pound of filter),
- the baby food brigade (2 points per item),
- the Entenmann's Little Bites brigade (2 points per item),
- the Dropps Laundry Pouches brigade (2 points per item),
- the hot cereal packaging brigade (2 points per item),
- and the Bear Naked product brigade (2 points per item)
("TerraCycle brigades," 2013)
All of these items are totaled up by points, with 1 point equaling $.01.
(Photo from www.terracycle.com)
What is done with the money raised from TerraCycling?
- The money raised from TerraCycling at Millersville University is collected and donated to an organization called Smile Train.
- Dr. Garner hand-picked the Smile Train organization because of the tangible impact of their work. Her thought process is that if students and faculty know where their efforts and money are going, they are more likely to participate in the future.
- Smile Train is a worldwide organization that provides cleft lip and palate surgeries for children that cannot afford them. More than 170,000 children are born with cleft lips or palates each year, and cannot afford to pay for the necessary reconstructive surgery.
- This condition proves to be a major problem, especially in developing countries, where children born with a cleft are not allowed to attend school or hold a job. It causes the affected child to not be able to eat or speak properly. Often times, babies born with clefts are killed or abandoned after birth.
- In Uganda, babies born with clefts are called "Ajok", which literally translates to "cursed by God".
- Surgeries to repair cleft issues cost as little as $250.00 and take less than forty-five minutes to complete.
- The Smile Train vision is for every child born with a cleft anywhere in the world to live a full and productive life ("Smile train: The Problem," 2013).
- The garbage collected in the Huntingdon House from TerraCycling efforts around campus is counted and tallied into points. 250 points converts to $250.00, which directly pays for someone's surgery. Once a surgery is paid for, the patron receives a before and after photo of the child whose life was ultimately bettered by their generous donation.
(Photo from www.smiletrain.com)
How does Smile Train help?
- As of November 3, 2013, Smile Train has made 944,620 "smiles", and that number is rising every day.
- This year alone, Smile Train will provide over 125,000 free cleft surgeries for children in need.
- Smile Train has helped children in eighty-seven countries, and has over 2,100 partner surgeons around the world.
- The Smile Train program has grown thirteen percent every year for the past six years. This number continues to rise, providing a clear example of the work the organization is doing.
- Smile Train is partnering with over 1,100 hospitals across the world. Through these hospital and surgeon partners, the organization is able to spread their vision to more of the world.
- The Smile Train organization makes over 1,000 free medical articles and publications available to anyone who may need them. The organization strives for people to be as healthy as possible, and to help those who desire to become healthy but cannot afford care.
- There are over 2.7 million people that qualify as donors for Smile Train. This number includes all of the students at Millersville University who have ever TerraCycled! The Smile Train organization began in China, but continues to spread to other countries around the world ("Smile train: Our Model," 2013).
TerraCycle, Smile Train, and the Three Pillars
- Though there are several organizations in the country that are strictly dedicated to environmentalism, Dr. Garner is keen on focusing on the three pillars of sustainability: people, planet, and profit.
- Throughout her work here at Millersville, she has advocated for all three pillars.
- According to Dr. Garner, if a person knows that their trash, or their money, is going to literally help pay for a child's life changing surgery, they are far more likely to get involved.
- Working with organizations like TerraCycle and Smile Train cut out the middle man, and give participants a direct link to better someone else's life.
- Dr. Garner lives by, and created, the quote, "It takes a Ville-age to save a child." This is a spin on the African proverb, "it takes a village to raise a child". These words inspired the naming of the new 'Ville-age Garden, and shows how important it is for the members of the Millersville "ville-age" to get involved.
- Everything that the 'Ville-age creates is directly involved with the Center for Sustainability.
- Smile Train easily fulfills the "people" pillar, by providing social equity to those who cannot access it on their own. The organization provides life changing results for a child who can now get a job, go to school, or have a family.
- The "planet" pillar is directly satisfied by TerraCycle. This organization is based on the fundamentals of environmentalism, and aspires to make society a more eco-friendly entity.
- The third "profit" pillar involves the response to economic demands. Dr. Garner is a big advocate for using and recommending fair trade products.
What is Fair Trade?
- The words "fair trade" come from the Fair Trade USA organization.
- This organization works to "enable sustainable development and community empowerment by cultivating a more equitable global trade model that benefits farmers, workers, consumers, industry and the earth. They achieve their mission by certifying and promoting Fair Trade products" ("About fair trade," 2010).
- The organization places their stamp on products that have been fairly traded, giving the workers the opportunity to be paid a fair wage for their services. Often times, in popular industries such as the cocoa and coffee businesses, there are problems with the way that the products are harvested.
- Workers are paid very little, or not at all, and are forced to work in harsh and dangerous conditions. In some cases, children are handed weapons and told to go into the forest to gather cacao or coffee beans. Fair Trade USA aims to "channel more of the opportunities and benefits of globalization to the underprivileged farming and working families who today are being left behind" ("About fair trade," 2010).
- According to Fair Trade USA's mission, "The Fair Trade model requires rigorous protection of local ecosystems and ensures that farmers receive a harvest price, which will allow them to practice sustainable agriculture" ("About fair trade," 2010).
- They strive to continue holding values such as empowerment, integrity, sustainability, innovation, excellence, personal development, community, fairness, and impact ("About fair trade," 2010).
- Dr. Garner advocates for purchasing Fair Trade USA certified items, because of the positive impact the consumer has on all three pillars of sustainability.
Continued campus efforts
- While sustainability and TerraCycle are at work around Millersville's campus, there is still much work to be done.
- Dr. Garner's goal for the project is to have it become a way of life for every department.
- This past October, the university celebrated its Homecoming. Dr. Garner and the rest of the Center for Sustainability held a 'Ville-age contest across the campus, advocating for students to TerraCycle. Students across the campus TerraCycled in their residence halls, rooms, and apartments, delivering their garbage to the Huntingdon House. The winners were the participants from Gaige Hall. The points converted into money totals almost reached 250 points, which will then pay for a cleft surgery.
- In order to raise awareness and work closely with the university administrators, the Environmental Steward Working Group has been created. This is a panel made up of administrators, faculty, and students to raise the questions of how sustainability efforts are taking place on campus.
How can students get involved?
One of the biggest factors for sustainability efforts at Millersville is student involvement. In order for students to become a part of the sustainability movement, they can do several things.
- First, they can check out the Center for Sustainability homepage on the Millersville University website. This homepage is the central hub for all things Center for Sustainability, and students can see upcoming sustainability events. It is important for all students to see themselves as part of the 'Ville-age.
- Dr. Garner is looking for more student involvement in the 'Ville-age garden, and to eventually have students use the garden to grow their own food.
- One of the easiest ways for students to get involved in the cause is to participate in TerraCycle. By separating and collecting the items listed above, students are helping to pay for cleft surgeries through Smile Train.
- Perhaps the most important way for students to get involved, however, is to be an advocate for awareness. The main problems that sustainability efforts on campus face are a lack of knowledge and a lack of passion. By getting other students involved in the cause, awareness spreads across campus and out into the community, getting more and more people on board.
Students Brock Miller and Melissa Sell bag garbage for TerraCycle to be taken to the Huntingdon House
The Campus Climate Commitment
- Dr. John Anderson joined the Millersville community as the new president of the university this past year. Dr. Anderson is a sustainability advocate, and is looking to help make Millersville University known for its efforts.
- Dr. Anderson recently became a part of the American College & University Presidents' Climate Commitment (ACUPCC).
- The ACUPCC is "a high-visibility effort to address global climate disruption undertaken by a network of colleges and universities that have made institutional commitments to eliminate net greenhouse gas emissions from specified campus operations and to promote the research and educational efforts of higher education to equip society to re-stabilize the earth's climate" ("Mission and history:," 2007-2013).
- The group seeks to make great progress towards climate neutrality by enabling higher education to educate and involve students, work towards solutions, and lead by example for other groups.
- The ACUPCC looks to put plans in place to make real changes on the campuses of colleges and universities. The group looks to take immediate action, making two year plans in which dates and milestones are set for becoming climate neutral.
- They work to take immediate steps to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases and to integrate sustainability into the everyday classroom.
- To date, the ACUPCC has over 678 signatories for its cause ("Mission and history:," 2007-2013).
- Dr. Anderson has been working closely with Dr. Garner, making her the chair of the committee for this organization on campus.
President John Anderson in front of the Garden House after Food Day 2013
How is the rest of the university responding?
- There are over fifteen members of the sustainability committee at Millersville.
- In 2011, Millersville University was included as one of 286 Green Colleges, and was included as one of 322 Green Colleges in 2012 and 2013.
- The University is holding itself accountable, "Given Millersville University's commitment to sustainability, Millersville has tied part of its annual performance funding to a goal of reducing its carbon footprint. Millersville has created and specified measures that target reducing its Carbon Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide Emitted (MTCDE) by 10% over the next five years. If it makes these reductions, it receives hundreds of thousands of dollars in additional performance funding annually" ("Sustainability at Millersville," 2013).
The Food Recovery Challenge
- Within the past few weeks, Dr. Garner has been working to integrate other sustainability measures into the daily life of the university. She signed Millersville up for the Food Recovery Challenge.
- This challenge aims to make use of the leftover uneaten food from the dining halls each day, rather than just throwing it away
- Dr. Garner has become the campus representative for the challenge on campus, and is hoping to get students involved with the efforts. She aims for November and December of 2013 to be the kick-off to this challenge.
- The challenge provides great benefits such as improving the bottom line through savings from better purchasing and preparation, reducing waste disposal fees, supporting the community by using the food to feed people rather than landfills, reducing the carbon footprint of the university, and receiving recognition from the community for the sustainable practices ("Food recovery challenge," 2013).
- The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsors this challenge. The EPA has created a Food Recovery Hierarchy that specifically outlines the preferred uses of leftover food.
- According to the hierarchy, it is more preferred to use food for source reduction, feeding hungry people, and feeding animals, than to use it for industrial usage, composting, or least preferred, incineration or landfill placement ("Food recovery challenge," 2013).
- In the future, Dr. Garner is hoping to have a trained worker come in to teach student volunteers about the process of packaging the food to prepare it to send elsewhere. Students will be able to work volunteer hours to drop the food off at local missions in Lancaster, such as the Water Street Rescue Mission (part of Water Street Ministries) on S Prince Street. This kind of student community involvement is the first step to putting Millersville University on the map as a sustainably influenced school.
- Dr. Garner integrates sustainability measures into every area of her life. She works the triple bottom line into her curriculum inside the classroom, and lives by the three pillars in her daily life outside of work.
- According to her, there is no separation between the two for her. She has taught her family, most specifically her daughter, Ruby, to TerraCycle.
- She lives sustainably not only throughout the causes she advocates for, but even in her clothing and food. She only wears clothing that has been sustainably made and where she knows the makers have been paid a fair price for their work.
- Dr. Garner often shops at online sustainable boutiques like Ethical Ocean and Indigenous Designs.
- As far as her grocery shopping goes, she shops at Miller's Natural Food Store and Rhubarb's Natural Food Store, both located in Lancaster County.
- She is a supporter and participant of Community Supported Agriculture (CSA). CSA aims to put a face with a garden, so that consumers always know where their fruits and vegetables are coming from. She pays a lump sum at the beginning of the year, and then is able to pick up fresh produce and greens from local gardens throughout the following months. By doing this, rather than shopping at large chain stores, she is supporting the local community, and the agricultural work of neighboring farms.
- She worked at a summer program in the city of Lancaster during the summer of 2013, teaching children about urban gardening. She hopes to continue to work with the children of Lancaster, teaching them agricultural skills that they can use throughout the rest of their lives. She hopes to sustain a generation of children in Lancaster, giving them access to the Millersville student community and inspiring them to have dreams of going to college.
- The 1400-square foot urban garden used to teach the children is located at Wheatland Middle School.
- Dr. Garner hopes to expand on the 'Ville-age garden behind Huntingdon House, placing a second garden behind the Bedford House. This second garden has plans of being a gated community garden including a butterfly garden, local plants and trees, and benches for community use.
The 'Ville-age Garden
Throughout her thirteen years at Millersville University, Dr. Garner has certainly made an impact. She has advocated for the three pillars of sustainability, economic demands, social equity, and environmentalism, to be brought into the everyday work of the campus. She has introduced students and faculty to organizations like TerraCycle, Smile Train, and Fair Trade USA. She continues to work closely with students and faculty to better the university and the community. She reaches out to the city of Lancaster and the rest of the county, bringing her gifts of teaching out into the community. Dr. Garner is an admirable advocate for sustainability, and will continue to improve the university during her time here.