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Glossary

Child Trafficking: The transport of children, by means of coercion, deception, or consent for the purpose of exploitation such as forced or consensual labor or prostitution ("Child Trafficking," n.d.).

Fair Trade: A movement whose goal is to help producers in developing countries to get a fair price for their products so as to reduce poverty, provide for the ethical treatment of workers and farmers, and promote environmentally sustainable practices (“Fair Trade,” n.d.).

Farm-to-Table: Food that is locally sourced, seasonal, and fresh; also referred to as farm-to-fork (“Defining Farm to Table,” 2012, n.d.).

Found Material: Objects found in the environment and used as tools or media in making art works (New Zealand Ministry of Education, n.d.).

Green Infrastructure: Systems that mimic natural processes in order to infiltrate, evaporate, and/or reuse stormwater. Uses soils, topography, and vegetation in a way that minimizes the impacts of anthropogenic disturbance and maintains the pre-development hydrology and water quality of urban environments (“Developing Central New York’s,” n.d.).

Gray Infrastructure: In urban environments, stormwater usually flows into stormwater system pipes before eventually going to a local stream, lake, or waste water treatment plant (“Developing Central New York’s,” n.d.).

Mound Garden: a raised garden bed grown over woody debris (fallen branches and/or logs), which are used as a resource to mimic nutrient cycling found in natural woodland; also called hugelkultur (Miles, 2010, n.d.).

Old-Growth Wood: an industry term referring to lumber cut from trees that have been allowed to grow for such a period of time that the wood becomes dense and more stable. A popular modern definition of old growth is at least 35 growth rings per inch, though it varies by wood type (“Lumber phrases,” n.d.).

Reclaimed Wood: Processed wood retrieved from its original application for purposes of subsequent use; most reclaimed from old barns, factories, or warehouses (“Reclaimed Lumber,” n.d.).

Sedums: any fleshy plant belonging to the genus Sedum, of the Stonecrop family, usually having small, overlapping leaves and yellow, white, or pink flowers (“Sedums,” n.d.).

Stormwater Runoff: the water flow that occurs when the soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, meltwater, or other sources flows over the land. This is a major component of the water cycle, the primary agent in water erosion, and the main cause of urban flooding (“Surface Runoff,” n.d.).

Sustainability: the capacity to maintain, support, or endure; has implications in environmental, societal, and economic circles. (“Sustainability,” n.d.).

Upcycle: reuse discarded objects or material in such a way as to create a product of a higher quality or value than the original (“Upcycle,” 2013, n.d.).

 

This site was created by Adriana Roth (adroth@millersville.edu) at Millersville University of Pennsylvania

© 2013 Millersville University. All Rights Reserved.

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