School Nurse Certification
The Department of Nursing at Millersville University offers a school nurse certification option approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. All course content and time offerings are designed to meet the needs of the student, as well as State standards for certification. The Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) has made revisions in the admission and completion criteria for certification programs. As of the Fall 2001 semester, the school nurse certification program is a POST BACCALAUREATE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM. A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree and current licensure as a Registered Nurse in this state are required for certification of School Nurse Candidates. This program has been approved for meeting the Chapter 49: Accommodations and Adaptations for Diverse Learners in Inclusive Settings and English Language Learners requirements (PDE-2/29/2012).
The following are required for admission in addition to completion of the Graduate Admissions Application packet:
Undergraduate evidence of:
|NURS 322:||Health Assessment of the Adult (4 s.h.)|
|NURS 421:||Adaptation to Chronic Health Issues in the Community (4 s.h.)|
|BIOL 256:||Nutrition (3 s.h.)|
|PSYC 227:||Development of the Child and Adolescent (3 s.h.)
or PSYC 228: Lifespan Development (3 s.h.)
|MATH 130:||Elements of Statistics (3 s.h.)|
|ENGL 110:||Composition (3 s.h.)|
|GPA at graduation 3.0|
Applicants desiring admission to Millersville University should:
- Complete the admission graduate application at http://www.millersville.edu/admissions/graduate/apply/postbaccalaureate.php and submit with fee, undergraduate transcripts, and letters of recommendation to the Graduate and Professional Studies, Millersville University, PO Box 1002, Millersville, PA 17551 (717-872-3030).
Upon admission to the School Nurse Certification Program, contact the coordinator (717-872-3410) for advisement to discuss the program and course selection. The nursing department will send a packet of materials, which must be completed and returned to the Department prior to starting the first semester.
- Millersville University Department of Nursing Affiliated Student Infectious Disease Summary for School Nurse Certification Students.(Includes most current immunizations for: hepatitis B; diphtheria/tetnus; tuberculosis; varicella, rubella/rubeola; and polio)
- Biographical Information Sheet
- Copy of Nursing License
- Copy of Malpractice Insurance ($1,000,000/$3,000,000 aggregate coverage)
- Copy of CPR Card
- Act 34 Child Abuse Clearance
- Act 151 Criminal History Check
- Act 114 – FBI Fingerprinting (www.cogentid.com PDE option)
Graduate evidence of:
|EDFN 545:||Advanced Educational Psychology; Offered spring, summer, and fall with 1 online section/each semester|
|NURS 560:||School Nursing (5 s.h.); 3 hr class and 7.5hr clinical; blended class 60% online (fall only)
|SPED 601:||Psychological Aspects of Individuals With Disabilities (offered summer)|
|PRAXIS I:||Satisfactory (copy of current nursing license equiv.)|
|PRAXIS II:||Satisfactory, specialty exam when developed by PDE|
|GPA 3.0:||Completion of all certification requirements.|
Upon completion of the requirements an application must be submitted electronically through the Teacher Information Management System (TIMS). Supporting documentation pertaining to certification will be sent by the applicant directly to the state per the instructions in TIMS. A Level I certification will be awarded from the Department of Education. See Act 48 for continuing education requirements web site: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/act_48_-_continuing_professional_education/8622
See Pennsylvania Department of Educational Regulations for Level II certification criteria. Web site: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/pa_certification/8635/level_i_to_level_ii/608790
Click here to view the Graduate Catalog course descriptions
(based on NASN & ANA (2005) Scope and standards of professional school nursing practice)
The Standards Of Care
The School Nurse utilizes the nursing process when providing care for school age youth.
The school nurse collects client data
Data collection involves the student, family, school staff, community, and other health care providers, as necessary and is determined by the nursing diagnosis and the client’s immediate condition and/or needs.
Pertinent individual and aggregate data are collected, using appropriate assessment techniques, and are documented in a retrievable form. The data collection process is systematic, organized, and on-going.
The school nurse analyzes the assessment data in determining nursing diagnoses.
Nursing diagnoses, individual and aggregate, are derived from the evaluation of assessment data and validated with client are documented in a manner that facilitates the determination of expected outcomes and the plan of care/action.
The school nurse identifies expected outcomes individualized to the client.
Outcomes are derived from the nursing diagnoses and are mutually formulated with the student, family, school staff, community, and other providers, as appropriate. Outcomes are culturally appropriate and realistic in relation to the client’s present and potential capabilities in relation to the resources necessary and attainable in a reasonable time line.
Outcomes are documented as measurable goals.
The school nurse develops a plan of care/action that specifies interventions to attain expected outcomes.
The plan is individualized to the student’s diagnosis/nursing diagnosis and is a component of the individual program for students with special health care needs.
The plan is developed in compliance with local, state, and federal regulations, and collaboratively developed with the student, family, school staff, community and other providers, as appropriate.
The plan reflects current standards of school nursing practice and provides for continuity of care and the plan of action to be taken. The plan is documented in a retrievable form.
The school nurse implements the interventions identified in the plan of care/action.
Interventions are consistent with the established plan of care/action and are implemented in a safe, timely, and appropriate manner that reflect current standards of school nursing practice. Documentation is in a retrievable form.
The school nurse evaluates the client’s progress toward attainment of outcomes.
Evaluation is systematic, continuous, and criterion-based. Ongoing assessment data, including incremental goal attainment in achieving the expected outcomes, are used to revise diagnoses and outcomes and the plan of care/action, as needed. Revisions in nursing diagnoses, outcomes, and the plan of care/action are documented in a retrievable form.
The client’s responses to interventions are documented in a retrievable form and effectiveness of interventions is evaluated in relation to outcomes.
The Standards Of Professional Performance
Quality Of Care
The school nurse systematically evaluates the quality and effectiveness of school nursing practice.
The school nurse participates in quality assurance activities as appropriate to that individual’s position and practice environment and uses the results to initiate changes in school nursing practice to improve the quality and effectiveness of school health services.
The school nurse evaluates own nursing practice in relation to professional practice standards and relevant statutes, regulations, and policies.
The school nurse participates in performance appraisal on a regular basis, identifying areas of strength and weakness, as well as ways to refine professional development. The school nurse takes action to achieve goals identified during performance appraisal.
The school nurse initiates and participates in peer review, as appropriate. The school nurse’s practice reflects knowledge of current professional practice standards, education and health care laws and regulations, and school policies.
The school nurse acquires and maintains current knowledge and competency in school nursing practice.
The school nurse acquires knowledge and skills appropriate to the specialty practice of school nursing on a regular and ongoing basis. The school nurse consistently participates in continuing education activities related to current clinical knowledge and professional issues and seeks experience to maintain current clinical skills and competence.
The school nurse interacts with and contributes to the professional development of peers and school personnel as colleagues.
The school nurse shares knowledge and skills with nursing and interdisciplinary colleagues.
The school nurse interacts with nursing and interdisciplinary colleagues to enhance professional practice and the health care of students. The school nurse contributes to a supportive and healthy work environment. The school nurse participates in appropriate professional organizations in a membership and/or leadership capacity.
The school nurse’s decisions and actions on behalf of clients are determined in an ethical manner.
The school nurse’s practice is guided by the Code for Nurses (ANA) and the Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements for School Nurses (NASN), and appropriate state nurse practice acts.
The school nurse maintains client confidentiality within legal, regulatory, and ethical parameters of health and education.
The school nurse delivers care in a nonjudgmental and nondiscriminatory manner that is sensitive to student diversity in the school community and delivers care in a manner that promotes and preserves student and family autonomy, dignity, and rights.
The school nurse seeks available resources to formulate ethical decisions. The school nurse acts as a client advocate.
The school nurse collaborates with the student, family, school staff, community, and other providers in providing student care.
The school nurse communicates verbally and in writing with the student, family, school staff, community, and other providers regarding client care and nursing role in the provision of care.
The school nurse collaborates with the student, family, school staff, community, and other providers in the formulation of overall goals, time lines, the plan of care, and decisions related to care and the delivery of services.
The school nurse assists individual students in developing appropriate skills to advocate for themselves, based on age and developmental level. The school nurse consults with and utilizes the expertise of other providers for client care and makes referrals, including provisions for continuity of care, as needed.
The school nurse promotes use of research findings in school nursing practice
The school nurse utilizes available research in developing the health programs and individual client plans of care and interventions. The school nurse participates in research activities as appropriate to the nurse’s education, position, and practice environment. The school nurse uses research findings in the development of policies and procedures for client care and program development. The school nurse contributes to the nursing literature when and if possible.
The school nurse considers factors related to safety, effectiveness, and cost when planning and delivering care.
The school nurse evaluates factors related to safety, effectiveness, availability, and cost when choosing among two or more practice options that would result in the same expected client or program outcomes.
The school nurse assists the student, family, school staff, and community in identifying and securing appropriate and available services and resources to address health-related needs.
The school nurse assigns or delegates tasks as defined by the state nurse practice acts and according to the knowledge and skills of the designated caregiver.
If the school nurse assigns or delegates tasks, it is based on the needs and condition of the client, the potential for harm, the stability of the client’s condition, the complexity of the task, and the predictability of the outcome.
The school nurse assists the student, family, school staff, and community in becoming informed consumers about the cost, risks, and benefits of health promotions, health education, school health services, and individualized health interventions for students.
The school nurse uses effective written, verbal, and nonverbal communication skills.
The school nurse communicates effectively with the student, family, school staff, community, and other providers regarding student care and the role of the school nurse in the provision of care. The school nurse employs counseling techniques and crisis-intervention strategies for individuals and groups. The school nurse utilizes communication as a positive strategy to achieve nursing goals. The school nurse demonstrates knowledge of the philosophy and mission of the school district, the kind and nature of its curricular and extracurricular activities, and its programs and special services.
The school nurse manages school health services.
The school nurse manages school health services as appropriate to the nurse’s education, position, and practice environment.
The school nurse conducts school health needs assessments to identify current health problems and identify the need for new programs. The school nurse develops and implements needed health programs using a program planning process.
The school nurse demonstrates knowledge of existing school health programs and current health trends that may impact client care, the sources of funds for each, school policy related to each, and local, state, and federal law governing each.
The school nurse develops and implements health policies and procedures in collaboration with school administrators, the board of health, and the board of education.
The school nurse evaluates ongoing health programs for outcomes and quality of care and communicates findings to administrators and the board of education. The school nurse orients, provides training, documents competency, supervises, and evaluates health assistants, aides, and UAPs as appropriate to the school setting.
The school nurse uses the results of school health/environmental needs assessment, analysis of evaluation data, and quality of care activities to initiate changes throughout the health care delivery system, as appropriate.
The school nurse participates in environmental safety and health activities, e.g., indoor air quality, injury surveillance, and prevention. The school nurse adopts and utilizes available technology, as appropriate to the work setting.
The school nurse assists students, families, school staff, and community to achieve optimal levels of wellness through appropriately designed and delivered health education.
The school nurse participates in the assessment of needs for health education for students and the school community.
The school nurse acts as a resource person to school staff to provide developmentally appropriate formal health instruction within the classroom based on sound learning theory. The school nurse provides individual and group health teaching and counseling for and with clients. The school nurse participates in the design, development and evaluation of health curricula.